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Social Media and Human Rights


Academic texts

Auger, Giselle A. 2013. “Fostering Democracy through Social Media: Evaluating Diametrically Opposed Nonprofit Advocacy Organizations’ Use of Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube.” Public Relations Review 39:369–76. 

Bennett, W. Lance, Chris Wells, and Deen Freelon. 2011. “Communicating Civic Engagement: Contrasting Models of Citizenship in the Youth Web Sphere.” Journal of Communication 61(5):835–56.

Briones, Rowena L., Beth Kuch, Brooke Fisher Liu, and Yan Jin. 2011. “Keeping up with the Digital Age: How the American Red Cross Uses Social Media to Build Relationships.” Public Relations Review 37(1):37–43.

Earl, Jennifer, and Katrina Kimport. 2011. Digitally Enabled Social Change: Activism in the Internet Age. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Kanter, Beth, and Allison Fine. 2010. The Networked Nonprofit: Connecting with Social Media to Drive Change. John Wiley & Sons.

Karpf, David. 2010. “Online Political Mobilization from the Advocacy Group’s Perspective: Looking Beyond Clicktivism.” Policy & Internet 2(4):Article 2.

Karpf, David. 2012. The MoveOn Effect: The Unexpected Transformation of American Political Advocacy. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. 

Kavada, Anastasia. 2005. “Civil Society Organisations and the Internet: The Case of Amnesty International, Oxfam, and the World Development Movement.” Pp. 208–22 in Global Activism, Global Media, edited by Wilma de Jong, Martin Shaw, and Neil Stammers. London, UK: Pluto Press.

Kavada, Anastasia. 2009. “Collective Action and the Social Web: Comparing the Architecture of and” Pp. 129–40 in Communicative Approaches to Politics and Ethics in Europe, edited by Nico Carpentier et al. Tartu, Estonia: Tartu University Press.

Kessler, Sarah. 2012. “Amplifying Individual Impact: Social Media’s Emerging Role in Activism.” Pp. 205–15 in Media, Mobilization, and Human Rights: Mediating Suffering, edited by Tristan Anne Borer. London, UK: Zed Books.

Koffman, Ofra, and Rosalind Gill. 2013. “‘The Revolution Will Be Led by a 12-Year-Old Girl’: Girl Power and Global Biopolitic.” Feminist Review 105(1):83–102.

Land, Molly, Patrick Meier, Mark Belinsky, and Emily Jacobi. 2012. #ICT4HR: Information and Communication Technologies for Human Rights. Rochester, NY: Social Science Research Network.

Land, Molly Beutz. 2009. “Networked Activism.” Harvard Human Rights Journal 22:205–43.

Lebert, Joanne. 2003. “Wiring Human Rights Activism: Amnesty International and the Challenges of Information and Communication Technologies.” Pp. 209–32 in Cyberactivism: Online Activism in Theory and Practice, edited by Martha McCaughey and Michael D. Ayers. New York, NY: Routledge.

Lewis, Kevin, Kurt Gray, and Jens Meierhenrich. 2014. “The Structure of Online Activism.” Sociological Science 1–9.

Lovejoy, Kristen, and Gregory D. Saxton. 2012. “Information, Community, and Action: How Nonprofit Organizations Use Social Media.” Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 17(3):337–53.

McPherson, Ella. 2014. “Advocacy Organizations’ Evaluation of Social Media Information for NGO Journalism The Evidence and Engagement Models.” American Behavioral Scientist.

Obar, Jonathan A., Paul Zube, and Cliff Lampe. 2012. “Advocacy 2.0: An Analysis of How Advocacy Groups in the United States Perceive and Use Social Media as Tools for Facilitating Civic Engagement and Collective Action.” Journal of Information Policy 2:1–25.

Potts, Amanda, Will Simm, Jon Whittle, and Johann W. Unger. n.d. “Exploring ‘Success’ in Digitally Augmented Activism: A Triangulated Approach to Analyzing UK Activist Twitter Use.” Discourse, Context & Media.

Schultz, Friederike, Sonja Utz, and Anja Göritz. 2011. “Is the Medium the Message? Perceptions of and Reactions to Crisis Communication via Twitter, Blogs and Traditional Media.” Public Relations Review 37(1):20–27.

Seo, Hyunjin, Ji Young Kim, and Sung-Un Yang. 2009. “Global Activism and New Media: A Study of Transnational NGOs’ Online Public Relations.” Public Relations Review 35(2):123–26.

Veil, Shari R., Tara Buehner, and Michael J. Palenchar. 2011. “A Work-In-Process Literature Review: Incorporating Social Media in Risk and Crisis Communication.” Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management 19(2):110–22.

Other resources

Digital media and activism bibliography from John Postill's media/anthropology blog 

MA Module on Social Media Campaigning from Dan Mcquillan's internet.artizans blog

Luis Hestres' reading list for his course on Advocacy and Social Media

About this website

This is the website for Ella McPherson's work related to her 2014-17 ESRC-funded research project, Social Media, Human Rights NGOs, and the Potential for Governmental Accountability.